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Protect Your Skin from Sun
Spending a few hours in the hot sun gives you warmth and heat but over doing this can lead to serious sunburns.
Everyone gets sunburn at least once in his or her lives. Your red, tender skin is painful and annoying for a few days before it eventually subsides. Even though the immediate effects are gone, sunburn can lead to skin cancer-the most common type of cancer.

The best way to avoid sunburn is to follow a few guidelines:

Avoid direct sunlight between 10 am and 3 pm when the sun's rays are their most intense.

Apply sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 25 with protection from both UVA and UVB rays. Sunscreen should be applied about 30 minutes before going outdoors and reapplied every two hours, especially after swimming or excessive sweating. Most people do not put on enough sunscreen.

Wear wide brim hats, tightly woven clothing and wrap-around sunglasses when outdoors. It's important to remember to protect overlooked areas such as your ears, the back of your neck, tops of your feet and your lips from the sun.

If you already have a sunburn from long exposure in the sun:

Drink plenty of water.

Use an over-the-counter one percent hydrocortisone cream to reduce the pain and swelling, or take ibuprophen.

Soothe skin with aloevera, moisturisers and cold water compresses. However, you should not apply petroleum jelly or any antibiotic sprays or creams to sunburn.

The degree of sunburn varies with skin type and the length of time in the sun. Fair-skinned people are more vulnerable to sunburn and should take extra precautions. Mild sunburn is superficial first-degree burn, while severe sunburn is a second-degree burn resulting in blistering.

Dr Bernard Cohen, a dermatologist with John Hopkins University, recommends seeking medical attention when the sunburn is widespread and patient has systemic symptoms from dehydration, fever, widespread, blistering or infection.
Posted on : 24/11/2005
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